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Top 30 Hottest Countries In The World And Their Temperature Extremes in 2024

The world is filled with diverse climates, from freezing cold temperatures to scorching hot ones. While some countries experience mild summers and winters, others have year-round heat that can be unbearable for those not used to it. In this blog post, we will take a closer look at the top hottest countries in the world and their temperature extremes.

Why it’s Important to know about the Hottest Countries in the World

Understanding the climate of different regions is essential for various reasons. Firstly, it helps us prepare for our travels and plan accordingly by packing appropriate clothing and staying hydrated. Knowing about extreme heat conditions can also help prevent health complications such as heatstroke or dehydration.

Moreover, studying the hottest countries in the world gives us an insight into how global warming is affecting our planet. With rising temperatures worldwide, it becomes crucial to understand which areas are most affected and what measures can be taken to mitigate these effects.

Additionally, knowing about the hottest countries in the world can also give us a better understanding of why certain regions have specific cultural practices or lifestyles. For example, people living in extremely hot countries may have adapted their daily routines to cope with high temperatures.

What Makes a Country Hot?

When it comes to determining the hottest countries in the world, there are several factors that play a significant role. The primary factor is the country’s climate, which is influenced by its location and geography.

Climate refers to the long-term pattern of weather conditions in a particular region, including temperature, humidity, and precipitation. Countries located near the equator tend to have hotter climates due to their proximity to the sun’s direct rays. This is because the Earth’s axis is tilted towards the sun at a 23.5-degree angle, causing sunlight to be more concentrated in this area.

Another important factor that contributes to a country’s hot temperature is its geographical features. Landlocked countries like Chad and Niger in Africa experience extreme heat due to their lack of access to large bodies of water. Bodies of water such as oceans or lakes provide moisture and regulate temperatures through evaporation and wind patterns, making coastal regions relatively cooler than inland areas.

The presence of mountain ranges can also greatly impact a country’s temperature extremes. For instance, Bolivia has varying temperatures due to its diverse topography with high-altitude Andes mountains and low-lying Amazon rainforests. The higher you go up a mountain range, the colder it gets because of thinner air resulting in less heat retention.

Additionally, certain geographic features such as deserts can significantly contribute to high temperatures in a country. Deserts have low humidity levels and sparse vegetation cover, leading them to absorb more heat from the sun during the day and release it slowly at night. This phenomenon results in scorching daytime temperatures that can reach above 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit).

Human activities also play a role in making some countries hotter than others. Urbanization leads to an increase in concrete structures that retain heat longer than natural landforms like forests or grasslands do. This phenomenon creates what is known as an “urban heat island,” where cities become significantly warmer than surrounding rural areas.

Top 30 Hottest Countries In The World And Their Temperature Extremes in 2024

The world is filled with diverse climates, and some countries experience extreme temperatures that can be both exhilarating and challenging. In this section, we will take a closer look at the top 30 hottest countries in the world and their temperature extremes in 2024.

1. Libya

Located in North Africa, Libya experiences one of the most extreme desert climates in the world. In 2024 Libya maintained its position as the hottest country in the world with an average temperature of 86 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius). As the hottest country on Earth, its’ highest recorded temperature was a scorching 131 degrees Fahrenheit (55 degrees Celsius)!

2. Saudi Arabia

This Middle Eastern country is known for its hot and arid climate, which is mostly due to its location near the equator. In 2024, Saudi Arabia have an average temperature of around 84 degrees Fahrenheit (29 degrees Celsius), with highs reaching up to 120 degrees Fahrenheit (49 degrees Celsius). Saudi Arabia is the second hottest country in the world.

3. Iran

With vast deserts covering a large portion of its land area, Iran experiences sweltering summers that can reach up to 122 degrees Fahrenheit (50 degrees Celsius). In recent years, Iran has also been facing severe heatwaves during summer months. Iran is the third hottest country in the world.

4. Sudan

Another African country that falls within the Sahara Desert region, Sudan sees extremely hot temperatures throughout the year. By 2024, it is estimated that Sudan’s average temperature will reach up to 83 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius). Sudan is the 4th hottest country in the world.

5. Iraq

Similar to its neighboring countries in the Middle East region, Iraq also has a desert climate with scorching temperatures during summer months. It is projected to have an average temperature of around 82 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius) by 2024. Iraq is the 5th hottest country in the world.

6. Algeria

With a majority of its land covered by the Sahara Desert, Algeria experiences intense heat waves during summer months with temperatures averaging at 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27 degrees Celsius) in 2024. Algeria is the 6th hottest country in the world.

7. Oman

Located in the Arabian Peninsula, Oman has a hot and dry climate with temperatures reaching up to 120 degrees Fahrenheit (49 degrees Celsius) during summer months. In 2024, it is expected to have an average temperature of around 79 degrees Fahrenheit (26 degrees Celsius). Oman is the 7th hottest country in the world.

8. Mali

This landlocked country in West Africa experiences extreme heat throughout the year, with temperatures soaring up to 118 degrees Fahrenheit (48 degrees Celsius). In 2024, its average temperature is predicted to be around 78 degree Fahrenheit (26 degrees Celsius). Mali is the 8th hottest country in the world.

9. Mauritania

With about 90% of its land area covered by the Sahara Desert, it is no surprise that Mauritania experiences some of the hottest temperatures in the world. By 2024, its average temperature is estimated to be around 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius). Mauritania is the 9th hottest country in the world.

10. Niger

Rounding out our list is Niger, another African country located within the Sahara Desert region. In 2024, it is projected to have an average temperature of around 76 degrees Fahrenheit (24 degrees Celsius), with highs reaching up to 113 degrees Fahrenheit (45 degrees Celsius).

11. Egypt

This ancient country in Northeast Africa is known for its hot and dry climate, with temperatures reaching up to 111 degrees Fahrenheit (44 degrees Celsius) during summer months. In 2024, Egypt’s average temperature is expected to be around 75 degrees Fahrenheit (24 degrees Celsius).

12. United Arab Emirates

With a desert climate and being situated near the Tropic of Cancer, the United Arab Emirates experiences extremely hot temperatures throughout the year. By 2024, it is predicted to have an average temperature of around 74 degrees Fahrenheit (23 degrees Celsius).

13. Djibouti

Located in the Horn of Africa, Djibouti has a hot and arid climate with temperatures averaging at 73 degrees Fahrenheit (23 degrees Celsius) in 2024.

14. Kazakhstan

This Central Asian country may not be located near the equator, but it still experiences very high temperatures during summer months due to its vast deserts. In 2024, it is estimated to have an average temperature of around 72 degree Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius).

15. India

Known for its diverse culture and landscapes, India also has some of the hottest regions on Earth. By 2024, its average temperature is expected to reach up to 71 degrees Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius), with some areas experiencing extreme heatwaves reaching up to 122 degrees Fahrenheit (50 degrees Celsius).

16. Sudan

Another African country that falls within the Sahara Desert region, Sudan sees extremely hot temperatures throughout the year. By 2024, it is estimated that Sudan’s average temperature will reach up to 83 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius).

17. Ethiopia

Located in the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia has a climate that varies from region to region. However, its lowland areas can experience scorching temperatures of up to 115 degrees Fahrenheit (46 degrees Celsius). In 2024, its average temperature is predicted to be around 69 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius).

18. Somalia

This African country also experiences hot and dry weather due to its location near the equator and the presence of desert regions. By 2024, Somalia is expected to have an average temperature of around 68 degree Fahrenheit (20 degrees Celsius).

19. Yemen

Despite being located on the coast of the Arabian Peninsula, Yemen still experiences high temperatures due to its desert regions. In 2024, its average temperature is projected to be around 67 degree Fahrenheit (19 degrees Celsius), with highs reaching up to 113 degrees Fahrenheit (45 degrees Celsius).

20. Sudan

Another African country that falls within the Sahara Desert region, Sudan sees extremely hot temperatures throughout the year. By 2024, it is estimated that Sudan’s average temperature will reach up to 83 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius).

21. Thailand

This Southeast Asian country is known for its tropical climate and high humidity levels. In 2024, it is expected to have an average temperature of around 66 degree Fahrenheit (19 degrees Celsius), with highs reaching up to 95 degrees Fahrenheit (35 degrees Celsius).

22. Pakistan

With a diverse landscape including deserts and mountains, Pakistan can experience extreme temperatures ranging from below freezing in mountainous regions to over 120 degrees Fahrenheit (49 degrees Celsius) in the desert areas. In 2024, its average temperature is predicted to be around 65 degree Fahrenheit (18 degrees Celsius).

23. Ghana

Located in West Africa, Ghana has a tropical climate with high humidity levels and temperatures reaching up to 99 degrees Fahrenheit (37 degrees Celsius) during summer months. In 2024, its average temperature is expected to be around 64 degree Fahrenheit (18 degrees Celsius).

24. Brazil

While Brazil is known for its beautiful beaches and rainforests, it also has some regions that experience scorching temperatures. By 2024, the average temperature in Brazil is projected to be around 63 degrees Fahrenheit (17 degrees Celsius), with highs reaching up to 113 degrees Fahrenheit (45 degrees Celsius) in the dry season.

25. Malaysia

This Southeast Asian country experiences a hot and humid climate throughout the year, with temperatures averaging at 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius). In 2024, its average temperature is estimated to be around 62 degree Fahrenheit (17 degrees Celsius).

26. Nigeria

Located in West Africa, Nigeria has a tropical climate with high humidity levels and temperatures reaching up to 105 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius) during summer months. By 2024, its average temperature is predicted to be around 61 degree Fahrenheit (16 degrees Celsius).

27. Philippines

With over 7,000 islands, the Philippines has a diverse climate ranging from tropical rainforests to savannahs. In 2024, it is expected to have an average temperature of around 60 degree Fahrenheit (16 degrees Celsius), with high humidity levels throughout the year.

28. Vietnam

Another Southeast Asian country known for its tropical climate , Vietnam is predicted to have an average temperature of around 59 degree Fahrenheit (15 degrees Celsius) by 2024.

29. Myanmar

Located in Southeast Asia, Myanmar experiences a tropical climate with high humidity levels and temperatures reaching up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius) during summer months. By 2024, its average temperature is expected to be around 58 degree Fahrenheit (14 degrees Celsius).

30. Indonesia

With over 17,000 islands, Indonesia has a variety of climates ranging from tropical rainforests to arid deserts. In 2024, it is projected to have an average temperature of around 57 degree Fahrenheit (14 degrees Celsius), with some regions experiencing extreme heatwaves reaching up to 113 degrees Fahrenheit (45 degrees Celsius).

Conclusion

These are just some of the hottest countries in the world, and their temperature extremes can make living and visiting these places a unique experience. From scorching deserts to humid tropical regions, these countries offer a range of climates that cater to different preferences. So if you’re looking for a hot and adventurous destination for your next vacation, consider adding one of these top 30 hottest countries to your list.

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